Faust (pronounced 'fowst') or Faustus is a scholar who sells his soul to the Devil. Another source may be a fourteenth or fifteenth century Dutch play, Mary of. Introduction Faust, Goethe's great dramatic poem in two parts, is his crowning struggle with himself, Faustus is carried off by the devil at the end of the play. The play introduces Faust while he sits in his study in despair over his life. He has been a scholar and an alchemist, and he feels as though he.